18. Series conclusion

So like…this is the end, isn’t it?

1. Topics of discussion

In this final tutorial for this series, we are going to go over what we learned in this series. So, let’s have some fun.

2. Series conclusion

This beginner music theory series was meant to introduce you to the core concepts behind music.

We started with naming the notes, learning that we have two possible ways of naming them: using the first 7 letters of the alphabet (A, B, C, D, E, F, G) or using latin names (La, Si, Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol).

Afterwards we learned all about sound pitch and frequency and how the higher the frequency, the higher the pitch and as a result the higher the note is perceived by the human ear.

We then moved on to reading music sheets and tabs. A music sheet looks like this:


We then took each and every component of the music sheet and explained what it means. Tempo gives us the speed of the song, the time signature let’s us know how many beats there are in a bar/measure and what constitutes a beat. We learned that notes are placed on a musical staff which has a clef that tells us in which octave the notes are played.

We also learned that that key signature tells us the scale in which the song is written and also tells us what accidentals should be applied to each note.

On the subject of accidentals, we learned that there are 5 types of accidentals (sharp, flat, natural, double sharp and double flat), the first 3 being more common. We also learned that an accidental alters the pitch of a note by raising it or lowering it by a number of semitones or returning it to its original pitch (for the natural accidental).

A semitone is the lowest pitch distance between two different pitches. 2 semitones constitute a tone.

We also discussed the simple music intervals, triads and scales.

With that in mind, theory aspects will be discussed in other series while chords and scales will also have their own special categories as there are more aspects to discuss.

With that in mind it’s time to wrap up this tutorial and this series.

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